Visa Costs Funded by University of Arkansas Sponsored Programs
This document is intended to serve as formal guidance for University of Arkansas regarding the use of funds from sponsored programs for visa costs in like circumstances. The university is committed to ensuring costs incurred in support of sponsored programs are allowable, reasonable, and allocable to a particular sponsored award, as defined by U.S. Office of Management and Budget’s Uniform Guidance (2 CFR §200.403-405); are in compliance with sponsor requirements; and are administered consistently across the campus for all sponsored programs. Procedural statements support the University of Arkansas Cost Principles Policy by providing definitions and processes for meeting those standards in like circumstances.
Visa costs are defined and described as allowable in the U.S. Office of Management and Budget’s Uniform Guidance, 2 CFR §200.463(d) as:
Short-term, travel visa costs (as opposed to longer-term, immigration visas) are generally allowable expenses that may be proposed as a direct cost. Since short-term visas are issued for a specific period and purpose, they can be clearly identified as directly connected to work performed on a Federal award.
Visa costs discussed in this procedure are specifically associated with sponsored program related visas. See International Students and Scholars for additional information on other visas.
Under the guidelines imposed by the Uniform Guidance, visa costs may be considered allowable direct charges under certain circumstances, and Principal Investigators (PIs) need to demonstrate that such costs fit the criteria provided in the Uniform Guidance.
Visa costs are allowable, provided that they meet all four of the following conditions:
The following visa types may be allowable as a direct charge:
- H-1B petition expenses. An H-1B visa is a non-immigrant visa that allows US companies to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations that require theoretical or technical expertise in specialized areas. If the individual is being recruited to work on the sponsored program, H-1B visa fees are chargeable to that sponsored program because that program will receive a direct benefit from the university’s appointment.
- O-1 Visas. An O-1 visa is a non-immigrant visa for an individual who possesses extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, and education. O-1 Visas may be charged to sponsored programs if there is a clear and direct benefit derived by the sponsored program to justify charging the expenses.
- J-1 Visas. A J-1 visa is a non-immigrant visa issued to research scholars, professors, and exchange visitors participating in programs that promote cultural exchange. J-1 Visas are allowable when the purpose of the visiting scholar or faculty exchange is to work on one or more sponsored programs.
The following costs related to visas are unallowable:
- All student (F-1) visas. The primary purpose of an F-1 visa holder is to join the university community as a student, and participation on sponsored programs is incidental to their roles as students.
- J-1 visas. The procedure generally excludes exchange visas for visiting scholars or professors to come to the US to participate in teaching, scholarship, or research, unless the purpose is specifically to participate in a sponsored program. (See J-1 Visas above)
- All Permanent Residency requests. The primary beneficiary for a Permanent Residency request is the individual, and direct benefits to individual sponsored programs cannot readily be shown.
- If the newly hired employee resigns within 12 months after hire for reasons within his or her control, all associated relocation costs, including any visa costs, must be removed from the Federal award and charged to a departmental account. If the unit terminates the employee, the costs are still allowable.
- Internal University of Arkansas processing fees, and fees for expedited processing, cannot be direct charged to a sponsored program.
- Renewal fees for visas cannot be direct charged to a sponsored program as they are not part of the initial recruitment cost.
Section 2 CFR 200.403(c) of the Uniform Guidance requires that we apply our policies and procedures uniformly to both federally-financed and other activities of the university. Therefore, University of Arkansas’s Cost Principles Policy and related procedural statements are also applicable to non-Federal awards. The basic criteria for including visa costs are similar for non-Federal sponsored programs, but it is important to be familiar with the particular requirements or restrictions of each non-Federal sponsor. When allowed by the sponsor, a justification for the inclusion of visa costs should be provided in order to explain why they are necessary to fulfill the objective of the program, and to ensure that the cost directly benefits the program.
The visa cost should be identified in the proposal budget justification if possible, and justified as to why it is necessary and allocable to the performance of the award. Inclusion in the budget justification is intended to enable the sponsor to review and concur with the need for the cost. Written justification and/or approval is meant to prevent questions regarding the allowability of costs in the event of an audit.
After an Award is Funded
Not every cost can be anticipated at the time of proposal preparation. In the event that an unbudgeted visa cost is required after an award is funded, the department should work directly with their Research Accountant to ensure that this cost is properly documented prior to when the expense is incurred. The purpose and benefit of the visa costs to the specific program should be fully described in the justification and will be retained in Razorgrant.